When we here a word science there are a lot of questions that bring to our mind like a smartphone, a computer, a space rocket, an atom bomb, LHC and so on. So the question is do these things provide all the information about science? the answer is no. These things reflect some aspect of science but they do don’t provide the full image of science.Because science is so wide to understand it. So let’s talk about its basic concept.
The basic concept of science
The word science is derived from Latin word Scientia which means “knowledge”, so the meaning of science is knowledge. Which type of knowledge? the knowledge gained through observations and experiments. But the most important thing about the knowledge of science is that knowledge of science can be demonstrated and repeat.
Suppose you are hungry and you don’t know much about cooking. You’ve started to think about it, during this process you’ve just got the idea of making of a sandwich. And then you trying to think how to make a sandwich?. After deep thinking, you got three recipes for making a sandwich. And you don’t exactly know which one is right, (This is observation).
And after it, you’ve started to make a sandwich. You tried each recipe one by one to make a sandwich and finally, you’ve got the correct recipe to make a sandwich by “experiments”.
So the knowledge you’ve gained by observations and experiments is called science. You can demonstrate it to all your friends and can repeat it all the time. And if I say Sultan Akbar and Sultan Murad ruled in India so can I demonstrate it? “NO” or can I repeat it “NO” this is not science. This is a basic and easy concept of science.
History of science
Man has always been curious to know about things. He started to think, observe and wondering about the world around him. He tried to find ways to organize the disorder in observe facts about natural phenomena and material objects things in an orderly manner. His attempts result in the birth of a single branch of science called “Natural philosophy”.
At the beginning of the nineteen century, it was divided into two main streams: Physical Science ( which deals with the study of non-living things ) and biological Science (which are concerned with the study of living things).
Modern science is divided into three main streams
Natural science is divided into two main branches:
Physical science ( Astrophysics, Chemistry, Nanotechnology, Meteorology, Mathematics )
Biological Science (Anatomy, Genetics, Cell Biology, Biophysics, Biochemistry)
Social science is divided into many streams:Human geography, History, Economics, Political science, Psychology, sociology, human health, etc.
Formal Science based on the following branches:
Logic, Mathematics, Theoretical computer science, Artificial Intelligence, Game theory, Information theory, System theory, and Design theory, etc.
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