The last twelve months have been key to environmental issues. The year 2019 has been that of Nobel in the fight against climate change. The conference of Bali, heiress of Kyoto, has also been held. Challenges: Forests, desertification, diversity, change Climate and energy.
On Tuesday, Earth Day is celebrated throughout the world, a day in which, through demonstrations and informative acts, it is intended, once again, to consolidate awareness of environmental conservation.
In the last year, the conviction on the seriousness of the threat of climate change has been remarkably settled, although the actions are undertaken and their results are very poor, according to environmentalists.
The Nobel Ecologist
Perhaps the highlight of this year was the Nobel Prize jointly received by Al Gore and the team of the Intergovernmental Panel on climate change. Global warming has become undeniable evidence and countries are increasingly forced to value it in their policies.
In Bali, an attempt has been made to fix the emission reduction from 2012 All this was reflected in the Bali summit, held last December, and which is about setting an emission reduction plan beyond 2012, the final horizon of the Kyoto protocol. Many good intentions and a few concrete agreements. If we add to this the low compliance of Kyoto by the countries, the panorama offers little room for optimism.
In Spain, the most relevant action during these twelve months has been the approval of the Law on Natural Heritage and Biodiversity, which seeks to mark environmental protection principles compatible with agricultural and livestock uses, limiting urban planning in the most protected areas
The great challenges
Forests. In Spain, the approval of the Natural Heritage and Biodiversity Law, together with the regional fire regulations, have reduced fires. Outside our borders, deforestation continues in Indonesia and the Amazon.
Desertification Urban planning and transport infrastructure are the great danger in Spain. The UN demanded a long-term global plan in Madrid in September 2007, but it has not been shaped by the lack of real funding.
Biodiversity Years after the EU agreement to curb the loss of diversity in 2010, the objectives remain unfulfilled. In Spain, the danger is in poaching. In 2007,785 species disappeared from Earth.
Climate change. Thanks to Nobel la Al Gore and environmentalists, this issue is finally accepted by everyone. In 2007, the reduction was studied in Bali from 2012, when Kyoto ends, whose objectives Spain still does not meet.
Energy. The nuclear has returned. For cheap and clean, according to its defenders. But environmentalists distrust and warn of radioactivity. The energy issue, on which emissions depend, remains unresolved.
Global Warming an awkward truth
An Inconvenient Truth was published on DVD by Paramount Home Entertainment on November 21, 2006, in the United States. By the authorship of this documentary Al Gore has won the Nobel Peace Prize in October 2007, an award he shares with the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Al Gore had already won in 2007 the Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation, as well as the Oscar in 2006 for Best Documentary and Best Original Song for I Need to Wake Up. An awkward truth alerts about a threat rather than real. Some of the information offered in the film refers to in recent years. It is explained that 2005 was the hottest year since the atmospheric temperature was measured; that in 2003, a heatwave killed more than 30,000 people in Europe and 1,500 in India; or that if the snows of Kilimanjaro continue to melt at this rate, they could disappear in 2020. The most chilling of the film comes with short-term forecasts: droughts, heatwaves, climatic changes, floods, tornadoes … Although Al Gore He has been doing this work since 1989, it is now with the film that his message has spread more rapidly. And it is now when more people have understood the importance of the real involvement of governments in the solution to this very serious problem. The role that the United States, the most powerful country in the world, plays in all this is essential, although, as Al Gore has recognized thousands of times, it is one of the most damaging to the environment. An awkward truth combines the images of what is already known as the “traveling show of global warming” with others related to the life of Al Gore and serves the purpose of the former vice president while drawing a personal portrait of himself. The film allows knowing the life of this man who left the political career after the elections of the year 2000, which were closed with the intervention of justice and returned to a task in which he had begun in his most idealistic years of university, the environmental«
Global warming is a term commonly used in two ways:
It is the phenomenon observed in temperature measurements that shows an average increase in the temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and the oceans in recent decades.
It is a theory that predicts, from projections based on computational simulations, future temperature growth.
Sometimes the names of climate change are used, which designates any change in climate, or anthropogenic climate change, where the influence of human activity is implicitly considered. Global warming and the greenhouse effect are not synonyms. The greenhouse effect increased by pollution may be, according to some theories, the cause of observed global warming.
The temperature of the planet has been rising since the mid-nineteenth century when the stage known as the small ice age ended.
Predictions based on different models of the global average temperature increase with respect to its value in the year 2000. Any type of climate change also implies changes in other variables. The complexity of the problem and its multiple interactions make the only way to evaluate these changes is through the use of computational models that attempt to simulate the physics of the atmosphere and the ocean and that have limited accuracy due to ignorance of the functioning of the atmosphere.
Anthropogenic theory predicts that global warming will continue if greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions do. The UN body responsible for analyzing scientific data is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
The IPCC indicates that “[…] Most of the increases observed in the average temperatures of the globe since the mid-twentieth century are most likely due to the rise determined in phylogeny GHG concentrations.” However, there square measure some discrepancies in this regard. that carbon dioxide is the greenhouse gas that most influences Global Warming of anthropogenic origin .
The Kyoto Protocol, an agreement promoted by the IPCC, promotes a reduction in pollutant emissions (mainly CO2). The protocol has been crossed out on certain occasions as unfair since the increase in emissions is traditionally associated with economic development so that the nations that would most affect compliance with this protocol could be those less developed areas.